Why Conspiracy Theories Spread

Rob - author of the lesson plan   Rob I November 09, 2021
General English, Speaking Lessons
Consipiracy Theories
C1 Advanced
Passive Voice
Grammar, Speaking, Vocabulary, Listening
Lesson ID
Lesson Time
45 minutes
ESL lesson plan for an online class titled “Why Conspiracy Theories Spread”

Lesson Overview

Don’t go down the rabbit hole! In this lesson, students will discuss conspiracy theories and the spread of information. This lesson features a video of an expert talking about conspiracy theories and why people share them. Students will learn and practice passive voice and vocabulary relating to this topic. The lesson includes plenty of engaging discussion activities and worksheets that have been developed for adult and teenage learners.

Lesson Objectives

  • To discuss conspiracy theories and the spread of information

  • To learn and review passive voice

  • To develop speaking and listening skills

  • To learn and use new vocabulary relating to the topic


Do you believe that the Earth is flat or that people never landed on the moon? Watch this video to learn the science behind conspiracy theories. Why do you think people share and believe certain things but not others?

Video Transcript

Vocabulary and Pronunciation

at your fingertips [phrase]: readily accessible or immediately available
overdrive [noun]: a state of great activity, effort, or hard work
top-down [adjective]: controlled, directed, or instituted from the top level; the opposite of bottom-up
prone to do something [phrase]: likely to be affected by something usually bad, such as damage or an illness
marginalize [verb]: to treat someone or something as not important when in fact it is
fringe [noun]: the outer or less important part of an area, group, or activity, e.g., fringes of a city
hallmark [noun]: a typical characteristic or feature of a thing, situation, or person
confirmation bias [noun]: the fact that people are quicker to accept or notice information that supports what they already believe or expect
go down the rabbit hole [idiom]: to get very deep into information about a topic
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