Democratic Leader

Tom  - reviewer of the lesson plan   Tom I March 10, 2023
Business English, Speaking Lessons, English for HR
Work, Leadership, Human Resources
A2 Elementary, B1 Intermediate
Mixed Grammar
Speaking, Vocabulary, Listening
Lesson ID
Lesson Time
30 minutes
Students engaged in a Business English lesson discussing various leadership styles, focusing on the advantages and disadvantages of democratic leadership in different scenarios.

Lesson Overview

What does it take to be “The Man”? In this lesson, students will discuss different types of leadership styles and the advantages and disadvantages of democratic leadership in several situations. This lesson features a video about the qualities and characteristics of democratic leaders. Students will learn and practice vocabulary relating to the topic. The lesson includes plenty of engaging discussion activities and worksheets that have been developed for adult and teenage learners.

Lesson Objectives

Listening: Students will watch a video that explains the qualities and characteristics of democratic leaders. They'll learn how these leaders involve their followers in decision-making, favor collaboration, and establish low power distance with their team. This activity will improve their listening skills and provide insights into democratic leadership in various contexts.

Speaking: The lesson will encourage students to engage in discussions about democratic leadership styles. They'll share opinions on the advantages and disadvantages of such leadership in the workplace. This activity aims to enhance their ability to articulate their thoughts and engage in meaningful conversations in English about management and leadership.

Vocabulary: Students will learn specific vocabulary related to leadership and management, such as "collaborative approach," "decentralized power," and "mutual benefit." These terms will help them understand and discuss various aspects of democratic leadership more effectively.

Homework: The homework involves activities like filling in the blanks, correcting errors, and choosing the correct options in sentences related to leadership styles. These tasks aim to reinforce their understanding of the vocabulary and concepts related to democratic leadership, improving their ability to use relevant terms and expressions correctly in English.


What is the difference between the decentralized approach versus the centralized approach to power and authority? What type of leadership is the best? Watch this video to learn about the qualities and characteristics of democratic leaders.

Video Transcript

Vocabulary and Pronunciation

the man [noun]: a slang phrase, used in the United States, that may refer to the government or to some other authority in a position of power
democratic leadership [noun]: a leadership style in which members of the group participate in the decision-making process
autocratic leadership [noun]: a leadership style in which a leader dictates policies and procedures, decides what goals are to be achieved, and directs and controls all activities without any meaningful participation by the subordinates
laissez-faire leadership [noun]: an economic philosophy of free-market capitalism that opposes government intervention
decentralized approach [noun]: the process of which each department or business unit is fully aware of their needs and understanding how analytics would help, buys software, procures the hardware, and hires a team to build their solution
centralized approach [noun]: the process of which decisions are made by a small group of people and then communicated to the lower-level managers
weigh the pros and cons [idiom]: the process of considering the advantages and disadvantages of something before coming to a decision
two heads are better than one [idiom]: it is easier for two people who help each other to solve a problem than it is for one person to solve a problem alone
off the hook [idiom]: not blamed or in trouble
accountability [noun]: responsibility for one’s actions
mutually beneficial [adjective]: advantageous for both sides
changing of the guard [idiom]: a change in leadership at an organization or within a government
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