Tom  - reviewer of the lesson plan   Tom | March 04, 2023
Business English, Speaking Lessons
Life Choices, Work
A2 Elementary, B1 Intermediate
Mixed Grammar
Speaking, Vocabulary, Listening
Lesson ID
Lesson Time
30 minutes
An English lesson pln about the Japanese word “ikigai”, which means a “life purpose”

Lesson Overview

What’s your true purpose in life? In this ESL lesson, students will discuss the Japanese concept of Ikigai. This lesson features a video about Ikigai philosophy. Students will talk about job satisfaction and career choices and learn vocabulary relating to the topic. The lesson includes plenty of engaging discussion activities and worksheets that have been developed for adult and teenage learners.

Lesson Objectives

  • Listening: Students will listen to the video about Ikigai and comprehend key concepts, such as balancing personal passions with what the world needs.

  • Speaking: They'll discuss their potential Ikigai, sharing ideas on balancing personal passions with professional demands.

  • Vocabulary: Key terms related to Ikigai, job satisfaction, and career planning will be introduced and practiced.

  • Cultural Awareness: Students will understand the Japanese concept of Ikigai and compare it with their own culture's views on personal and career fulfillment.

  • Homework: Students will answer multiple-choice questions to reflect on subjective opinions and career choices, fill in blanks with initial letters provided to complete sentences about personal goals and job satisfaction, and determine the truth of statements related to personal and professional balance.


Do you believe happiness is subjective and depends on the person? What is your reason for being? Watch this video to learn about the Japanese concept of Ikigai.

Video Transcript

Vocabulary and Pronunciation

Ikigai [noun]: a Japanese concept that means your “reason for being”
philosophy [noun]: a theory or attitude that acts as a guiding principle for behavior; beliefs or ideology
trendy [adjective]: very fashionable or up to date
subjective [adjective]: based on or influenced by personal feelings, tastes, or opinions
consider [verb]: think carefully about (something), typically before making a decision
balance [noun]: a situation in which different elements are equal or in the correct proportions
reason [noun]: a cause, explanation, or justification for an action or event
entrepreneurial [adjective]: characterized by the taking of financial risks in the hope of profit; having a business mindset
satisfaction [noun]: fulfilment of one's wishes, expectations, or needs, or the pleasure derived from this
twenties [noun]: the numbers from twenty to twenty-nine, especially the years of a century or of a person's life
factor [noun]: a circumstance, fact, or influence that contributes to a result; part or element
nail [verb]: perform (an action or task) perfectly
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