Business English, Free Lessons, Speaking Lessons
Life Choices, Work
A2 Elementary, B1 Intermediate
Mixed Grammar
Speaking, Vocabulary, Listening
Lesson ID
Lesson Time
30 minutes
An English lesson pln about the Japanese word “ikigai”, which means a “life purpose”

Lesson Description

What’s your true purpose in life? In this ESL lesson, students will discuss the Japanese concept of Ikigai. This lesson features a video about Ikigai philosophy. Students will talk about job satisfaction and career choices and learn vocabulary relating to the topic. The lesson includes plenty of engaging discussion activities and worksheets that have been developed for adult and teenage learners.

Lesson Objectives

  • To develop speaking and listening skills

  • To discuss the topic of the Japanese concept of Ikigai

  • To learn and practice new vocabulary words relating to the topic


Do you believe happiness is subjective and depends on the person? What is your reason for being? Watch this video to learn about the Japanese concept of Ikigai.

Video Transcript

Vocabulary and Pronunciation

Ikigai [noun]: a Japanese concept that means your “reason for being”
philosophy [noun]: a theory or attitude that acts as a guiding principle for behavior; beliefs or ideology
trendy [adjective]: very fashionable or up to date
subjective [adjective]: based on or influenced by personal feelings, tastes, or opinions
consider [verb]: think carefully about (something), typically before making a decision
balance [noun]: a situation in which different elements are equal or in the correct proportions
reason [noun]: a cause, explanation, or justification for an action or event
entrepreneurial [adjective]: characterized by the taking of financial risks in the hope of profit; having a business mindset
satisfaction [noun]: fulfilment of one's wishes, expectations, or needs, or the pleasure derived from this
twenties [noun]: the numbers from twenty to twenty-nine, especially the years of a century or of a person's life
factor [noun]: a circumstance, fact, or influence that contributes to a result; part or element
nail [verb]: perform (an action or task) perfectly
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