What Happened?

Tiffany - author of the lesson   Tiffany I February 13, 2024
General English, Speaking Lessons
A2 Elementary
Past Simple, Present Perfect
Grammar, Speaking, Vocabulary, Listening
Lesson ID
Lesson Time
45 minutes
What Happened? | ESL Printables

Lesson Overview

Have you ever felt under the weather or out of sorts? In this lesson, students will discuss health, injuries, and accidents. This lesson features audio talking about someone’s injury. Students will learn and practice the simple past tense, the present perfect tense, and vocabulary relating to this topic. The lesson includes plenty of engaging discussion activities and worksheets that have been developed for adults and teenagers.

Lesson Objectives

  • Grammar: Students will learn and review the simple past and present perfect tense to discuss past events, health issues, injuries, and accidents. They will practice forming affirmative, negative, and interrogative sentences in both tenses to describe and inquire about past actions and experiences.

  • Listening: They will enhance their listening skills by hearing stories about health-related incidents. This includes understanding narratives about injuries and the outcomes of those injuries, focusing on the use of the simple past and present perfect tense to describe events and current situations.

  • Speaking: Students will engage in discussions about personal experiences with health, injuries, and accidents. They will use the simple past to talk about specific events and the present perfect to describe general experiences and recent actions related to health and wellness.

  • Vocabulary: The lesson introduces vocabulary related to health and injuries, including "surgery," "broken leg," "sprained ankle," "sunburn," "sore muscles," "headache," and phrases used to discuss medical care and symptoms, like "cut on my finger" and "high temperature."

  • Homework: Exercises are designed to reinforce the lesson's focus on grammar, vocabulary, and comprehension. Students will choose correct answers to describe medical situations, match questions and answers about personal health experiences, select correct time expressions, complete sentences using the past simple or present perfect tense, correct bolded phrases in sentences, and discuss personal actions and experiences related to health.


Listen to the audio to learn about what will happen if you run in high heels. You could end up with a broken leg, or you could wind up meeting your future husband and soul mate.

Audio Transcript

Vocabulary and Pronunciation

high-heels [noun]: shoes usually worn by women that have a very tall piece on the bottom that lifts the back of the foot
rock climbing [noun]: the sport of climbing on rocks or in mountains
symptom [noun]: any feeling of either physical or mental change that is caused by an illness or disease
hypochondriac [noun]: a person who is abnormally anxious about their health
supplement [noun]: any medicine containing substances you need to stay healthy, in addition to what you get from food
sore [adjective]: painful and uncomfortable
sprain [verb]: to stretch or tear the tissue that limits the movement of a body joint
surgery [noun]: the treatment that involves cutting open the body and removing or repairing the damaged part
ache [noun]: a mild continuous and unpleasant pain
injury [noun]: physical harm or damage done to a living thing
pierce [verb]: to make a hole in something with a pointed object
dye [verb]: to change the color of something using a special liquid substance
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