Dos and Don’ts

Tiffany - author of the lesson   Tiffany I February 13, 2024
General English, Speaking Lessons
A2 Elementary
Modals of Obligation and Prohibition
Grammar, Speaking, Vocabulary, Listening
Lesson ID
Lesson Time
45 minutes
Examples for an elementary-level English lesson where students discuss rules to follow in different situations, practicing moda

Lesson Overview

Do you always follow the rules and do things by the book? In this lesson, students will discuss rules to follow in various situations. This lesson features audio of two announcements related to do’s and don’ts in different situations. Students will learn and practice modals of obligation and prohibition and vocabulary relating to this topic. The lesson includes plenty of engaging discussion activities and worksheets that have been developed for adults and teenagers.

Lesson Objectives

  • Grammar: Students will explore the use of modals of obligation and prohibition to talk about rules, duties, or orders. They will practice forming sentences using modal verbs like "must," "have to," "don't have to," and "must not" to express strong obligation, necessity, lack of obligation, and prohibition.

  • Listening: By listening to audio announcements regarding a cooking course and a company party, students will practice identifying specific details and key information related to rules and guidelines in these scenarios. This exercise aims to enhance their listening comprehension skills, focusing on recognizing expressions of obligation and prohibition.

  • Speaking: Students will engage in discussions and role-play activities related to rules in different contexts, such as workplace norms, classroom etiquette, or home responsibilities. They will use modal verbs of obligation and prohibition to express what people should and shouldn't do in various situations, thereby improving their spoken English in discussing rules and etiquette.

  • Vocabulary: The lesson will introduce vocabulary related to obligations and prohibitions, including phrases and expressions that incorporate modal verbs of obligation and prohibition. Students will learn to apply these terms in discussions about rules and guidelines, enhancing their ability to communicate effectively about dos and don’ts in different settings.

  • Homework: Learners will further practice the use of modals of obligation and prohibition to navigate rules and guidelines in various contexts. Students will be asked to fill in blanks with the correct form of these verbs, choose the correct options in given sentences, and correct mistakes in sentences that misuse these modal verbs. These activities aim to enhance students' understanding and application of modal verbs in expressing obligation, permission, and prohibition.


Listen to the audio to learn about various rules you must follow in different situations. Do you want to become a master chef or get a promotion at work? Learn the dos and don’ts in order to get a cooking certificate or impress your boss.

Audio Transcript

Vocabulary and Pronunciation

appliance [noun]: a device, machine, or piece of equipment, especially an electrical one that is used in the home such as a refrigerator or a dishwasher
supplies [noun]: equipment, food, and other important things people can use for multiple purposes
certificate [noun]: an official document that gives information about your skills or qualifications
MFD [noun]: a multifunction device; an office machine that has several different uses such as printing, scanning, etc.
splatter [verb]: when a thick wet substance hits and covers a surface with small drops
unplug [verb]: to disconnect a device from the electricity source so it stops working
outfit [noun]: a set of clothes that you wear for a particular occasion or to do a particular activity
dress code [noun]: a set of rules for what you can wear
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