Grammar: Expressing Contrast

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Expressing contrast in English grammar involves using certain words and structures to show how two ideas are different. This can be done with conjunctions like "but," "however," and "although," which connect sentences or clauses while highlighting differences. For example, "She is very smart, but she doesn't study much." Adverbs and adverbial phrases such as "on the other hand" and "in contrast" are also used to show contrast, like in the sentence, "He likes to stay home; on the other hand, his sister loves to go out." Prepositional phrases like "despite" or "in spite of" are another way to express contrast, for example, "Despite the rain, we went outside." Additionally, using parallel structures like "not only... but also" and antithesis, which places opposite ideas in a balanced way, can highlight contrasts effectively. These tools help to make writing and speaking clearer and more interesting by clearly showing the differences between ideas