Grammar: Be Going To

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The "be going to" construction in English grammar is used to express a plan or intention, or to predict something based on present evidence. It's a common way to talk about the future and is widely used in various forms of English, including in the U.S.

Here's how "be going to" works:

Forming “Be Going To”:

It is formed using the appropriate form of the verb "to be" (am, is, are), followed by "going to" and then the base form of the main verb. For example: "I am going to study," "She is going to travel," "We are going to eat."

Expressing Intentions and Plans:

"Be going to" is used to talk about something you have decided to do in the future (a plan or intention). Example: "I am going to start a new job next week."

Making Predictions:

It is also used to make predictions about the future, especially when there is present evidence suggesting that something will happen. Example: "Look at those dark clouds. It is going to rain."

In the U.S., the use of "be going to" follows these general rules. However, in everyday speech, especially in informal contexts, the construction often gets contracted. For instance, "I am going to" might be shortened to "I'm gonna." This is very common in spoken American English, but it's important to note that "gonna" is considered informal and is typically not used in formal writing.

Overall, while the "be going to" construction is used similarly in the U.S. as in other English-speaking countries, American English might feature more frequent use of informal contractions like "gonna" in casual conversation.