Prison Life

Theresa Dash - author of the lesson   Theresa I April 18, 2021
General English, Speaking Lessons
B1 Intermediate
Past Simple, Past Perfect
Grammar, Speaking
Lesson ID
Lesson Time
45 minutes
Prison Life | ESL Lesson Plan | English Lesson Plan for Intermetiate Students

Lesson Overview

Do you know anyone who has had a run-in with the law? In this lesson, students will discuss crime and prison life. This lesson features a video that describes the difference between a Norwegian and an American prison. Students will learn and practice the simple past tense, the past perfect tense, and vocabulary relating to this topic.

Lesson Objectives

  • Grammar: Students will focus on the application of "gerunds and infinitives," understanding how to use them correctly in sentences to express preferences, obligations, or plans.

  • Listening: Learners will enhance their listening skills by focusing on video content describing prison life in Norway compared to the United States. They will practice identifying main points and details related to crime and rehabilitation.

  • Speaking: The objective is to improve conversational skills through discussions on the concept of crime, the justice system, and prison life. Students will express their opinions, share experiences, or speculate about the topics presented.

  • Vocabulary: Students will learn and use new vocabulary related to crime, justice, and prison life. Examples include "recidivism," "vandalism," "trafficking," and terms related to prison facilities and rehabilitation activities.

  • Homework: Learners will be tasked with exercises that involve correcting spelling mistakes in sentences related to crime, matching sentences to complete thoughts on prison life, and using new vocabulary in context. They will also complete sentences using the past simple and past perfect tenses to solidify their grammar skills.


The United States is responsible for 25% of all the prisoners in the world. How different are prisons in other countries? Watch this video to learn about the differences between a Norwegian prison and an American one: heated floors, living rooms, and recording studios. The differences are shocking!

Video Transcript

Vocabulary and Pronunciation

burglary [noun]: the act of illegally entering a building to steal something
theft [noun]: the crime of stealing something
thief [noun]: a person who steals something
looter [noun]: someone who steals things from shops, houses, or buildings during a riot or war
vandalism [noun]: the crime of damaging public or private property
commit [verb]: to do something wrong or illegal (crime, act of terrorism, murder)
recidivism [noun]: the tendency of a convicted criminal to re-offend; repeated or habitual offenses
punitive [adjective]: involving a punishment
inmate [noun]: a person kept in a prison
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