Breakfast Is a Good Start

Stefanie Simmons - author of the lesson   Stefanie I October 22, 2022
General English, Speaking Lessons
A1 Beginner
Countable Nouns, Unountable Nouns
Grammar, Speaking, Vocabulary, Listening
Lesson ID
Lesson Time
45 minutes
Slide of an English lesson for adults about different types of food, focusing on countable and uncountable nouns.

Lesson Overview

Do you believe breakfast is the most important meal of the day? In this lesson, students will learn about various types of food. This lesson features audio of two people describing what they have for breakfast. Students will also learn and practice countable and uncountable nouns and vocabulary relating to this topic. This lesson includes plenty of engaging discussion activities and worksheets that have been developed for adults and teenagers.

Lesson Objectives

  • Grammar: Learners will explore the difference between countable and uncountable nouns, learning how to use articles "a" and "an" with singular countable nouns and how to correctly use uncountable nouns without articles. They will practice using "some" and "any" to talk about indefinite amounts or numbers, applying these terms correctly in both affirmative sentences and questions/negative sentences.

  • Listening: By listening to an audio conversation of two people describing their breakfast habits, students will improve their comprehension skills, focusing on the details that distinguish the speakers' preferences and routines. The activity aims to enhance their ability to understand spoken English related to food and daily habits.

  • Speaking: Students will engage in discussions about their own breakfast habits, preferences, and routines, using the target grammar points and vocabulary. This includes expressing likes, dislikes, and dietary habits. They will also have the opportunity to ask and answer questions about food and routines, practicing their spoken English in a context relevant to their daily lives.

  • Vocabulary: The lesson introduces vocabulary related to breakfast foods and routines, including nouns that are countable (e.g., "egg", "sandwich", "banana") and uncountable (e.g., "bread", "milk", "juice"). Additional vocabulary introduced through listening and speaking activities includes food items like "yogurt", "orange", "coffee", "tea", "salad", "soup", as well as phrases related to dietary preferences (e.g., "allergic to fruit", "vegetarian").

  • Homework: For further practice, students will complete exercises that involve choosing correct articles for countable and uncountable nouns, filling in blanks with "a" or "an", correcting mistakes in sentences, and using "some" and "any" correctly. Tasks will also include creative writing or speaking assignments where students describe their ideal breakfast using the vocabulary and grammar points covered in the lesson.


Listen to the audio to learn about people’s meal preferences. Some people enjoy having a hearty breakfast in the morning, while others prefer to eat like a bird. Do you believe breakfast is the most important meal of the day?

Audio Transcript

Vocabulary and Pronunciation

vegetarian [adjective]: a person who doesn’t eat meat or fish; a meal that doesn’t use or contain meat or fish
manager [noun]: the person who is responsible for managing an organization
exercise [noun]: physical activity that you do to make your body strong and healthy
allergic [adjective]: having an allergy
energetic [adjective]: very active physically and mentally; having a lot of energy
colleague [noun]: someone that you work with, also a co-worker
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